Nginx is a high performance web server software. It is a much more flexible and lightweight program than Apache HTTP Server.
This tutorial will teach you how to install and start Nginx on your CentOS 7 server.
The steps in this tutorial require the user to have root privileges. You can see how to set that up by following steps 3 and 4 in the Initial Server Setup with CentOS 7 tutorial.
Step One—Add Nginx Repository
To add the CentOS 7 Nginx yum repository, open terminal and use the following command:
Step Two—Install Nginx
Now that the Nginx repository is installed on your server, install Nginx using the following
After you answer yes to the prompt, Nginx will finish installing on your virtual private server (VPS).
Step Three—Start Nginx
Nginx does not start on its own. To get Nginx running, type:
systemctl start nginx.service
You can do a spot check right away to verify that everything went as planned by visiting your server’s public IP address in your web browser (see the note under the next heading to find out what your public IP address is if you do not have this information already):
You will see the default CentOS 7 Nginx web page, which is there for informational and testing purposes. It should look something like this:
If you see this page, then your web server is now correctly installed.
Before continuing, you will probably want to enable Nginx to start when your system boots. To do so, enter the following command:
sudo systemctl enable nginx.service
Congratulations! Nginx is now installed and running!
How To Find Your Server’s Public IP Address
You can run the following command to reveal your server’s public IP address:
Server Root and Configuration
If you want to start serving your own pages or application through Nginx, you will want to know the locations of the Nginx configuration files and default server root directory.
Default Server Root
The default server root directory is
/usr/share/nginx/html. Files that are placed in there will be served on your web server. This location is specified in the default server block configuration file that ships with Nginx, which is located at
Server Block Configuration
Any additional server blocks (known as Virtual Hosts in Apache) by creating new configuration files in
/etc/nginx/conf.d. Files that end with
.confin that directory will be loaded when Nginx is started.
Nginx Global Configuration
The main Nginx configuration file is located at
/etc/nginx/nginx.conf. This is where you can change settings like the user that runs the Nginx daemon processes, and the number of worker processes that get spawned when Nginx is running, among other things.