Oracle installation errors and fixes

This article will list all errors/issues I encounter during Oracle installation with their fix.
It will be updated with all new errors I will encounter.

In this article …
… “Fix prior install” needs jar binary. Install it with the following command:

$ yum -y install java-devel

memcpy error in ins_ctx.mk

Operating System: Oracle Enterprise Linux 7
Oracle version: 11.2.0.1

Error output

INFO: gcc -o ctxhx -m64 -L/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/ctx/lib/ -L/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/ -L/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/stubs/  /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/ctx/lib/ctxhx.o -L/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/ctx/lib/ -lm -lsc_fa -lsc_ex -lsc_da -lsc_ca -lz  -lctxhx -Wl,-rpath,/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/ctx/lib -lsnls11 -lnls11  -lcore11 -lsnls11 -lnls11 -lcore11 -lsnls11 -lnls11 -lxml11 -lcore11 -lunls11 -lsnls11 -lnls11 -lcore11 -lnls11  `cat /u01/app/oracle
INFO: /product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/sysliblist`
 
INFO: /lib64/libstdc++.so.5: undefined reference to `memcpy@GLIBC_2.14'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
 
INFO: make: *** [ctxhx] Error 1
 
INFO: End output from spawned process.
INFO: ----------------------------------
INFO: Exception thrown from action: make
Exception Name: MakefileException
Exception String: Error in invoking target 'install' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2015-04-17_10-00-15PM.log' for details.
Exception Severity: 1

Solution

Fix prior install

Execute the following script:

# Fix ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk
 
ORACLE_SRC_INSTALL_DIR=/media/sf_uxora_share/database
cd ${ORACLE_SRC_INSTALL_DIR}/stage/Components
 
jar_file=
for i_file in $( ls ./oracle.ctx/11.2.0.1.0/1/DataFiles/filegroup*.jar ); do
unzip -l ${i_file} ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk 2>&1 1>/dev/null
[[ $? -eq 0 ]] && jar_file=${i_file} && break
done
 
cat << __EOF__ > /tmp/memcpy_wrap.c
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
 
asm (".symver wrap_memcpy, memcpy@GLIBC_2.14");
void *wrap_memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n) {
return memcpy(dest, src, n);
}
__EOF__
unzip ${jar_file} ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk 2>&1 1>/dev/null
if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
sed -i -e 's/\$(INSO_LINK)/\$(INSO_LINK) -Wl,--wrap=memcpy_wrap \$(ORACLE_HOME)\/ctx\/lib\/memcpy_wrap.o/g' ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk
gcc -c /tmp/memcpy_wrap.c -o ctx/lib/memcpy_wrap.o && rm /tmp/memcpy_wrap.c
jar -uvf  ${jar_file} ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk ctx/lib/memcpy_wrap.o
fi

Fix during install

This fix can only be done in GUI mode installer.
When the windows prompt this error message:

Error in invoking target 'install' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2015-04-17_10-00-15PM.log' for details.

Execute the following script then click retry to resume install

# Fix ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk
 
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
 
cat << __EOF__ > /tmp/memcpy_wrap.c
#include <stddef.h>
#include <string.h>
 
asm (".symver wrap_memcpy, memcpy@GLIBC_2.14");
void *wrap_memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n) {
return memcpy(dest, src, n);
}
__EOF__
 
if [[ -e "${ORACLE_HOME}/ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk" ]]; then
sed -i -e 's/\$(INSO_LINK)/\$(INSO_LINK) -Wl,--wrap=memcpy_wrap \$(ORACLE_HOME)\/ctx\/lib\/memcpy_wrap.o/g' ${ORACLE_HOME}/ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk
gcc -c /tmp/memcpy_wrap.c -o ${ORACLE_HOME}/ctx/lib/memcpy_wrap.o && rm /tmp/memcpy_wrap.c
fi

ins_emagent.mk error

Operating System: Oracle Enterprise Linux 7
Oracle version: 11.2.0.1

Error output

INFO: ib/amd64 -z lazyload -ljava -ljvm -lverify -z nolazyload -Wl,-rpath,/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib/:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/jdk/jre/lib/amd64/server:/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/jdk/jre/lib/amd64 -Wl,--allow-shlib-undefined    `cat /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/sysliblist` -ldl -lm
 
INFO: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk:127: warning: overriding recipe for target `nmosudo'
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk:56: warning: ignoring old recipe for target `nmosudo'
 
INFO: /usr/bin/ld: warning: -z lazyload ignored.
/usr/bin/ld: warning: -z nolazyload ignored.
/usr/bin/ld: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib//libnmectl.a(nmectlt.o): undefined reference to symbol 'B_DestroyKeyObject'
/usr/bin/ld: note: 'B_DestroyKeyObject' is defined in DSO /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/libnnz11.so so try adding it to the linker command line
/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/lib/libnnz11.so: could not read symbols: Invalid operation
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit sta
INFO: tus
 
INFO: make[1]: Leaving directory `/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib'
 
INFO: make[1]: *** [/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib/emdctl] Error 1
make: *** [emdctl] Error 2
 
INFO: End output from spawned process.
INFO: ----------------------------------
INFO: Exception thrown from action: make
Exception Name: MakefileException
Exception String: Error in invoking target 'agent nmhs' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2015-04-23_01-23-30PM.log' for details.
Exception Severity: 1

Solution

Fix prior install

Execute the following script:

# Fix sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk
 
ORACLE_SRC_INSTALL_DIR=/media/sf_uxora_share/database
cd ${ORACLE_SRC_INSTALL_DIR}/stage/Components
 
jar_file=
for i_file in $( ls ./oracle.sysman.agent/*/1/DataFiles/filegroup*.jar ); do
unzip -l ${i_file} sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk 2>&1 1>/dev/null
[[ $? -eq 0 ]] && jar_file=${i_file} && break
done
 
unzip ${jar_file} sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk 2>&1 1>/dev/null
if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
sed -i -e 's/\$(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL)/\$(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL) -lnnz11/g' sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk
jar -uvf  ${jar_file} sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk
fi

Fix during install

This fix can only be done in GUI mode installer. When the windows prompt this error message:

Error in invoking target 'agent nmhs' of makefile '/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk'. See '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2015-04-23_01-23-30PM.log' for details.

Execute the following script then click retry to resume install

# Fix ctx/lib/ins_ctx.mk
 
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/db_1
 
if [[ -e "${ORACLE_HOME}/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk" ]]; then
sed -i -e 's/\$(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL)/\$(MK_EMAGENT_NMECTL) -lnnz11/g' ${ORACLE_HOME}/sysman/lib/ins_emagent.mk
fi

ORA-00845

Operating System: Oracle Enterprise Linux 7
Oracle version: Any

Error output

ORA-00845: MEMORY_TARGET not supported on this system

Solution

Reduce memory target parameter

Increase the size of /dev/shm

# check filesystems
$ df -h
Filesystem                                 Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/mapper/ol-root                         14G  5.0G  9.0G  36% /
devtmpfs                                   3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /dev
tmpfs                                      3.8G  1.9G  2.0G  48% /dev/shm
tmpfs                                      3.8G  8.9M  3.8G   1% /run
tmpfs                                      3.8G     0  3.8G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
/dev/vdb1                                   32G   11G   22G  33% /u01
/dev/vda1                                  497M  150M  348M  31% /boot
 
# increase /dev/shm accordingly to your max ram memory
$ mount -o remount,size=6G /dev/shm
 
# make this change permanent, add/change /etc/fstab
$ vi /etc/fstab
...
tmpfs  /dev/shm  tmpfs  defaults,size=6G  0 0
...
 
# update mount
$ mount -a

ORA-19502/ORA-27072

Operating System: Oracle Enterprise Linux 7
Oracle version: Any

Error output

...
ORA-19502: write error on file "...",
block number 251905 (block size=512)
ORA-27072: File I/O error
Linux-x86_64 Error: 25: Inappropriate ioctl for device
...

Solution

Free disk space/Add disk space

There is not enough disk space. Check disk space with df -h <path>

ORA-28040: No matching authentication protocol

Operating System: Any
Oracle version: from 12.1.0.1

Error output

ORA-28040: No matching authentication protocol
ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied

You may encounter this error with a new 12c database because Oracle Enterprise Cloud Manager 12c is still using the old 10g JDBC driver (ojdbc14.jar) to connect.

Prior to version 12c, the default setting for SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION (deprecated parameter in 12c) was 8. Now in 12c the default value of the 12c equivalent parameters SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_CLIENT and SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_SERVER are now 11.

Solution/Workaround

# Set minimum logon authentification version in sqlnet.ora
# To avoid ORA-28040: No matching authentication protocol
[oracle]$ cat >> $ORACLE_HOME/network/admin/sqlnet.ora <<_EOF_
SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_SERVER=8
SQLNET.ALLOWED_LOGON_VERSION_CLIENT=8
_EOF_
 
# Recreate oracle user password to be compatible 10G
# To avoid ORA-01017: invalid username/password; logon denied
[oracle]$ sqlplus / as sysdba
 
-- Check password compatibility
SQL> select USERNAME,PASSWORD_VERSIONS from dba_users where USERNAME = 'SYS';
USERNAME                         PASSWORD_VERSIONS
-------------------------------- -----------------
SYS                              11G 12C
 
-- Reinitialize password
SQL> alter user SYS identified by OraSys_pw0 ;
 
User SYS altered.
 
-- Check again password compatibility
SQL> select USERNAME,PASSWORD_VERSIONS from dba_users where USERNAME = 'SYS';
USERNAME                         PASSWORD_VERSIONS
-------------------------------- -----------------
SYS                              10G 11G 12C

Now database instance will accept 10g authentification only with users who have 10G PASSWORD_VERSIONS compatibility.

 

Hope that helps,